The technique of sperm washing, as practiced by Josseline Flores, a medical technologist at the Valencian Infertility Institute IVI in Panama, allows men afflicted with human immunodeficiency virus HIV to have healthy children. Roberto Epifanio seen here is director, allows men afflicted with human immunodeficiency virus HIV to have healthy children. Specialist Josseline Flores said the treatment, which consists of cleansing the semen of infectious particles, combined with procedures of assisted reproductive technology such as intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization, allows serodiscordant couples only one has the virus to start a pregnancy without fear of contagion. To make sure no traces of the virus remain, the expert said that the IVI sends a sample to the laboratory at the Gorgas Commemorative Institute, which specializes in the detection and handling of contagious diseases, to make a molecular analysis of the spermatozoa based on the polymerase chain reaction PCR. Roberto Epifanio, told EFE that the sperm washing technique gives a new opportunity to couples in which the male is the HIV carrier, because methods already exist to avert the virus in infected women who want to have healthy children. He added that the quality of spermatozoa submitted to the treatment diminishes by between 15 and 20 percent, so that it is usual that the usable quantity of the sample obtained is very small.
Sperm washing — Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Sperm washing allows men with HIV to have healthy children
Jump to content. HIV is present in the blood, semen, and vaginal fluids of a person who is infected with HIV and is usually spread by:. You cannot get HIV through everyday contact with air, food, water, insects, animals, dishes, or toilet seats. The following preventive steps can eliminate your risk of getting HIV from someone you are caring for. A person who is infected with HIV can sometimes have other infections that may be contagious. The following steps can prevent the spread of other infections. Author: Healthwise Staff.
HIV-discordant Couple Intrauterine Insemination
Skip to content. Skip to navigation. This service has been developed for couples who wish to have a child where the male partner is HIV positive but the female is HIV negative referred to as HIV discordant status.
Sperm washing is the process in which individual sperms are separated from the semen. Washed sperm is used in artificial insemination using the intrauterine insemination IUI technique and in in vitro fertilization IVF. It may also be used to decrease the risk of HIV transmission by an HIV-positive male, in which case the washed sperm is injected into a female using an artificial insemination technique. Sperm washing involves removing any mucus and non-motile sperm in the semen to improve the chances of fertilization and to extract certain disease-carrying material in the semen. Sperm washing is a standard procedure in infertility treatment.